Dissociation of learned helplessness and fear conditioning in Mice: a mouse model of depression

Researchers discuss that an important element of Helplessness is its “transituationality”.  Meaning that Helplessness conditioned in one environment is generalizable to other situations.   Researchers wanted to separate helplessness from conditioned fear by testing for transituationality.  They first conditioned mice with tail shocks to induce helplessness.  Then after two days of shock conditioning the mice …